How to care for the skin during pregnancy

During pregnancy, the skin itself will be affected due to the changes in hormones in the body, resulting in oily skin, dryness, allergies, stains, red blood streaks, etc. Therefore, the skin during pregnancy needs careful care to maintain a healthy skin condition.

What are the common skin problems during pregnancy and childbirth? Common skin troubles include: hyperpigmentation, acne, stretch marks, etc.

  1. Pigmentation

Due to changes in hormones in the body during pregnancy, mothers-to-be are prone to hyperpigmentation. For example, the underarms and belly of many pregnant mothers will darken, and a black line will appear on the belly. These are normal skin changes during pregnancy, usually about half a year after childbirth, the pigmentation caused by pregnancy will be reduced or disappeared. But some pregnant mothers may have troublesome chloasma and freckles on their faces.

So how can we prevent melasma and freckles during pregnancy?

Take good care of sunscreen and take precautions before it happens: Effective sunscreen measures can play a good preventive effect on the spots that appear during pregnancy, whether it is chloasma or freckles.

Eat foods containing vitamin E: Vitamin E can interfere with melanin deposition and help prevent melasma during pregnancy. Such foods include fruits and vegetables such as kiwi, tomatoes, lemons, etc.

  1. Acne

Many mothers find that they are particularly prone to acne during pregnancy. This is due to the increased level of male hormones during pregnancy, which leads to increased sebaceous gland oil secretion. The excess sebum plus the shedding in the hair follicles creates an environment where bacteria can multiply quickly, which eventually leads to Acne and rash. In the second trimester, the acne problem tends to get worse, but it will gradually recover after delivery.

How to deal with acne during pregnancy?

Generally speaking, keep clean and moisturize daily, avoid squeezing and friction. If the acne is more serious, you need to use a cream containing medicinal ingredients, but you should use the medication on the advice of your doctor.

  1. Stretch marks

According to statistics, more than 90% of pregnant women will have stretch marks between 6 and 7 months of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the abdomen expands faster than skin elasticity and skin expansion speed, there will be skin collagen fibers and elastic fibers due to stretching and breakage, so stretch marks appear.

How to prevent stretch marks during pregnancy?

Eat a balanced diet, eat less desserts and carbohydrates, supplement vitamins and minerals, and drink plenty of water. Strictly control weight, weight gain during pregnancy should be controlled within 10-12kg. To keep the skin moisturized, you can apply moisturizers to maintain the moisture of the skin. If you are worried about the safety of the ingredients of the moisturizer, you can consult your doctor before deciding whether to use it.

Three essential principles for skin care during pregnancy:

Do basic skin care

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause the skin to be drier than usual or more oily, and some people’s skin barrier becomes weaker, and they are prone to allergies. Therefore, it is enough to clean and moisturize the skin during pregnancy to maintain a stable skin barrier. When choosing skin care products, the functions of anti-aging, anti-acne, and whitening should be discarded. Anti-aging, anti-acne, and whitening products often contain ingredients that are unfavorable to the baby and should be avoided as much as possible. Moreover, due to hormone changes during pregnancy, the effect of such functional skin care products will be greatly reduced.

Sun protection during pregnancy is important

First of all, pregnant mothers can use sunscreen. After pregnancy, hormones in the body will change, and pregnant mothers themselves are more likely to have pregnancy spots. Therefore, when pregnant mothers are outdoors or doing appropriate outdoor sports (such as walking, swimming), they must use sunscreen, otherwise the color of the abdominal midline, moles, and freckles may darken. In order to avoid harmful ingredients, it is recommended to choose pure physical sunscreen. That is, a sunscreen whose main ingredients are titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. When the sun is strong, it’s best to cover it with clothes or hold a sun umbrella.

Avoid using beauty equipment

There are two most common types of beauty equipment, one is micro-current equipment, and the other is radio frequency equipment. Micro-current instruments (such as essence introduction instruments) will flow through the skin throughout the body even if the current is small, which may cause adverse effects on the fetus. In addition, some weight scales use small currents to measure data throughout the body, so avoid using them! And the radio frequency beauty instrument is that radio waves penetrate the epidermis into the deep layer of the skin to achieve the effect of beauty. Radio frequency beauty equipment must not be used during pregnancy, especially during the second trimester.